- May 31, 2020
- Posted by: Prof Dr Coşkun Şahin
- Category: Prostate Diseases
What is Prostate?
The prostate is a gland located just below the bladder and surrounding the urethra (urinary tract). Prostate volume changes throughout life.
Why is a prostate biopsy done?
If the PSA blood test or finger rectal examination results indicate that you may have prostate cancer, a prostate biopsy is taken. This should be done by an experienced and experienced radiologist or a urology specialist in ultrasound and biopsy. It is a procedure that ultrasound guided small samples are taken from the prostate and then these samples are examined by a pathologist under a microscope.
How Is Prostate Biopsy Performed?
The best biopsy results are achieved with ultrasound guidance. This technique is used to advance and visualize the biopsy needle towards suspicious areas and to evaluate the prostate volume. With the help of fine needles, several samples (8 to 16) are taken from the prostate and analyzed. The number of samples taken depends on your prostate volume and the clinical results of ultrasonography.
During the examination, a probe tip of approximately 2.5 cm in diameter is inserted through the rectum and advanced 7-10 cm from the breech entrance. Prostate ultrasound is done to evaluate the prostate volume and to determine the areas to be biopsied.
What to do before and after the prostate biopsy procedure?
• The patient’s bowel cleansing should be done if necessary.
• Aspirin and similar blood thinners should be discontinued under the control of a doctor. • Antibiotics are used before and after the procedure to prevent the risk of infection.
• After biopsy, blood can be seen in stool and semen for 1 week.
• After prostate biopsy, the patient can return to daily life immediately.